Waste Management of India

The world generates a lot more waste than it needs to be disposed of. As technology keeps advancing, the life span of the use of electronic devices is getting reduced. It is really important to minimize E-waste. Waste management of India should include Minimizing e-waste which helps to conserve resources and reduces the amount of energy we take from the earth.

An environmentally friendly approach for managing waste & waste streams follows 4R principles: Reuse, Reduce, Recover & Repurpose.

  • Reuse: We should reuse the materials as much as possible instead of dumping them.
  • Reduce: We should reduce the use of non-biodegradable compounds that are harmful to the environment as they cannot be composted.
  • Recover: we should transform waste into eco-friendly products/ resources.
  • Repurpose: We should use the non-biodegradable products for multiple purposes so that less waste is generated, and it can be used as another useful product.

Waste comes in many forms and can be categorized into many different ways. One such waste is E-waste!

What is E-waste?
E-waste is electronic products nearing the end of their useful life. In short, it means the products which are discarded or aren’t in working order are considered waste.
In this modern world, technologies are changing day by day due to which a large number of electronic devices are turning into waste as they are scrapped for every new product that launches.
How many mobile phones have you used in your life-span? Your answer to this question will give you an idea of the amount of E-waste being generated constantly in our environment.

What are the types of E-waste?
Fridge, Freezers, second-hand Air conditioner, Cooler, T.V, Monitors, second-hand Laptops, Washing machine, Electric Stove, Microwave, second-hand Mobile phones, Scanner & Printer, Xerox machines, Medical Equipment & monitoring instruments.

Products in each category vary in their shelf life & depending on the usage by the consumer. Raw materials like copper, steel, plastic likewise are used in making electronic devices that contribute to E-waste. Non-biodegradable items occupy landfills of waste for years & pollute the environment for longer years than usual.

So you might want to rethink next time before dumping any electronic devices regarding how much more can you utilize and avoid creating E-waste.

E-waste generated in india:

 E-waste is the fastest growing waste generation in the world. With the increase in the standard of living, growing population, increasing industrialization & disposable income there’s a surge in the electronic devices in the market thus creating more opportunities for E-waste generation. E-waste on landfills is leading to more toxic chemicals being released into the environment that can contaminate our soil, water & air.

In India, every year the amount of E-waste generation is increasing by nearly 30-35% which is the area of concern as very little quantity is been recycled and nearly 10-15% is not even collected & segregated properly for it to even recycle or remain in the landfill of waste.

In Dec ‘20 Indian Government suggested that the usage of electronic items for sale should be used to the fullest discarding old items carefully, and the need to better handle the E-waste.
More recently, they announced a ‘Waste to Wealth’ mission, focusing on utilizing waste for better use. Post that nothing is been initiated as of now. In India, nearly 80-90% of the E-waste market is been operated by the informal collection & segregation by the people who we dearly call “kabaadiwalas” as they are the most go-to source for the common people.

The problem of E-waste in India

There are many aspects to discuss in waste management of India as there are multiple issues related to E-waste in India: 
An increasing amount of E-waste generation: In India, there’s a constant increase in the quantity of waste generated. 

Lack of Infrastructure: There’s no proper infrastructure for the landfills as well as a lack of recycling facilities. The electronic devices that can be revamped should be sorted from the E-waste & incorporate collection facilities.

Poor Awareness amongst the users: Most people don’t think twice before replacing the electronic devices and the awareness regarding disposal & secondhand items usage is very limited. The end of the useful life of the electronic devices are not analyzed by people and they generally opt for replacement or throw it away.

E-waste import: E-waste import is banned in India, though refurbished & secondhand items trading is allowed. It’s difficult to ensure the differentiation between imported secondhand items and E-waste, thus making it difficult to ensure E-waste entry in the country.

Solutions of E-waste:

How can we solve the E-waste problem?
It’s time we take some initiative towards waste management of India & do something at an individual level to make a difference. Re-purposing is a challenge, but with these creative DIY ideas at home, it’s worth a try:

e waste
  • Turn old blender into Lamp: When you have a blender that doesn’t work anymore why not give it an afterlife and turn it into a beautiful lamp! Recycle the blender in such a way that the switch can control the lights. You can even glass paint on the blender to give it a stunning makeover.

  • Turn old bulbs into flower pots: Don’t throw away those old bulbs, rather repurpose a light bulb into decorative indoor plants or store beautiful flowers for your home or office!

  • Convert old CDs into Art: Do you still have those old CDs at home cluttering in your drawer? Here’s a great way of using DIY ideas at home into recycling old CDs into eye-catching pieces of art like wind chimes, wall art pieces, curtain decorations, Photo frames, CDs archways. 

  • E-waste Jewellery: E-waste jewellery is catching on as a sustainable way to stand out. You can make a funky pendant & earrings out of microchips, keyboard buttons. 

  • Giveaway used electronic devices: When you decide to buy something new, you should opt for giving away your used items to people, as it saves devices from ending up in landfill of waste & you can even contribute to lowering the E-waste problems. Classified Apps like POOLit helps you in finding a buyer for your gadgets.
E waste recycling

The world generates a lot more waste than it needs to be disposed of. As technology keeps advancing, the life span of the use of electronic devices is getting reduced.
It is really important to minimize E-waste. Waste management of India should include Minimizing e-waste which helps to conserve resources and reduces the amount of energy we take from the earth.

Do we need that extra gadget?
We should use the items to their full capacity before dumping them or we can even consider giving them away so that someone who has the need can use them.
The efficient way to manage E-waste is to sell or give away your working electronics. You may find a buyer via classified apps like CraiglisteBay, POOLit.

Usage of second-hand items should be increased to reduce E-waste generation. Mobiles, Laptops, Car, T.V should be used as much as you can before replacing them with new ones. Initiation to the Waste Management of India should start at home: Keep your devices clean, avoid over-usage of batteries, switch off the appliances carefully when not in use.

It’s time we start living a sustainable life. Climate change is a real issue and we have to protect the environment.